How Did Anzac Day Start Off, and What Has It Evolved Into?
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How Did Anzac Day Start Off, and What Has It Evolved Into?

Anzac day is now celebrated in Australia every year on the 25th of April. But do you actually know where it originated from, and how it evolved to become what it is today. Read on, and find out how exactly this has happened throughout the past century, and why it is so significant to Australians and New Zealanders today.

Many people celebrate what is known as Anzac day, to remember soldiers who fought for Australia. Anzac is actually an acronym, meaning Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. These were the brave soldiers that fought in Gallipoli during World War 1. The Australian and New Zealand soldiers were fighting to take the Gallipoli Peninsula, more specifically Constantinople, an ally of the Germans to allow the allied navy vessels to pass through, to the Black Sea. This expedition was planned by Winston Churchill.

Unfortunately, when the Australian Soldiers arrived at Gallipoli, they met a force which was much stronger than they expected. This was the Ottoman Army. The Ottoman Army was directed by a man named Mustafa Kemal, who is more widely known as Attatürk. Going against the plan of Winston Churchill, the Ottoman Army managed to defend themselves for a total of 8 months. At this stage, the Anzacs and their allies retreated. The retreat was quite ingenious on the Anzacs behalf. They would have themselves go quiet for an hour or so, and then begin openfire at the Ottomans who come over to take a look. The remaining soldiers continued to do this as some of the others retreated. As the soldier line diminished even more, they used rifles which were rigged to fire randomly. These were put in place so that the Ottomans did not actually realise that they were escaping. Only two soldiers were injured during the evacuation.

As the news spread back to Australia, they made Anzac day a commemerative day for allied soldiers who had fought in Gallipoli, and they even had a commemerative march for the soldiers which occured in London. When this march occured, they even made a headline on the newspaper. This headline was called "The Knights of Gallipoli". As the Anzac Day tradition evolved, it became more and more special to the Australian and New Zealanders. It was organised that it would be on the 25th of April each year, and it would be a memory of the 60,000 Australians, and also the 18,000 New Zealanders that died during this war. By part way through the 1930s, the rituals had continued to evolve, and Anzac Day now had things included in it like the Dawn Service.

To date, since other wars that have taken place, Anzac Day is now a day to remember all the soldiers who have served the Australian Nation. It is mainly a day that occurs in Australia and New Zealand, however also happens to take place in a couple of other places. Described as the most moving moment of many peoples lives, a Dawn Service in Gallipoli, which is held every year, is not one to forget. A minutes silence is often played to remember the soldiers. Lest We Forget.

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Comments (1)

Good one, I'm a Kiwi :-)

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