Facts About the Holy Festival -Eid Ul Fitr and How Muslims Around the World Celebrate It?
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Facts About the Holy Festival -Eid Ul Fitr and How Muslims Around the World Celebrate It?

Eid Fitr is one of the two great Islamic festivals, the other being Eid-ul-Azha. Eid ul-Fitr is also called the “blessed festival” and in the other words of Eid known also as the Eid-ul-Fitr. For Muslims, both these festivals of Eid ul-Fitr and ‘Eid al-adha are occasions of showing gratitude to God, remembering him and are a means of entertainment. Significance of Eid ul-Fitr: Almost two billion Muslims around the world celebrate Eid ul-Fitr (eed al-fitter), the three-day festival Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of the month of fasting (Ramadan) and has a special significance for the Muslim society. Eid ul-Fitr starts the day after Ramadan ends. It's significance is to celebrate the achievement of enhanced piety. A day of forgiveness, fellowship and unity, a time of giving and sharing. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and during whole month of Ramamad, Muslims fast during daylight hours to celebrate the time when Allah revealed the first verses of the Qu'ran, the holy book of Islam.

Eid Fitr is one of the two holy Islamic festivals, the other being Eid-ul-Azha. Eid ul-Fitr is also called the “blessed festival” and in the other words of Eid known also as the Eid-ul-Fitr. For Muslims, both these festivals of Eid ul-Fitr and ‘Eid al-adha are occasions of showing gratitude to God, remembering him and are a means of entertainment.

Significance of Eid ul-Fitr:

Almost two billion Muslims around the world celebrate Eid ul-Fitr (eed al-fitter), the three-day festival.

Holy festival of Eid ul-Fitr is celebrated at the end of the month of fasting (Ramadan) and has a special significance for the Muslim society. Eid ul-Fitr starts the day after Ramadan ends. It's significance is to celebrate the achievement of enhanced piety. A day of forgiveness, fellowship and unity, a time of giving and sharing.

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and during whole month of Ramamad, Muslims fast during daylight hours to celebrate the time when Allah revealed the first verses of the Qu'ran, the holy book of Islam.

The significance of this joyous occassion is purely spiritual. On this day, Muslims thank God for having given them the will, the strength and the endurance to observe fast and obey His commandment during the holy month of Ramadan. This day brings rejoicing and happiness within the Muslim community which comes in within the community for successfully accomplishing the important task.

Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. Eid Ul-Fitr falls on the first day of Shawwal, the month which follows Ramadan in the Islamic calendar. It is a time to give in charity to those in need, and celebrate with family and friends the completion of a month of blessings and joy. These days of Eid are the reward for the Muslims after taking the whole month fast.

Why it is called Eid Ul Fitr?

Eid is an Arabic word meaning "festivity", while Fitr means "to break the fast" (and can also mean "nature", from the word "fitrah") and so symbolizes the breaking of the fasting period.

Before the day of Eid, during the last few days of Ramadan, each Muslim family gives a determined amount as a donation to the poor. Islam wants that all Muslims, whether rich or poor, should enjoy Eid. It has, therefore, commanded all the well-to-do people to pay the Zakat-e-Fitr. The Zakat-e-Fitr or sadaqah al-fitr (charity of fast-breaking)  is paid on the very day of Eid Fitr. It consists of 3 kilograms of one's daily food or its equivalent in cash.

The payment of Zakat-e-Fitr is obligatory upon every person who is adult, sane and free at the time of the sunset on the last day of Ramadan, and is also not dependent upon others for means of subsistence.

How Eid ul Fitr is celebrated around the world?

In South Asian countries, festivities begin on the night before Eid, known as the chand raat or the night of the moon, in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

In Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore Eid is called Hari Rya Aidilfitri - literally "Grand Day." Banks, private offices and government are closed, usually lasting one week. It's customary to wear traditional clothing and to visit the graves of loved family and friends. Referred to as Eid Fetr by the Shia Iranians, Eid is more often celebrated quietly with family. Since charity is required, a ghorbani (sacrifice) is given by wealthier families, often in the form of lamb or a calf.                           

It is a joyous occasion, similar to Christmas in its celebration but with strong religious significance. The giving of a special charity for this occasion is obligatory. Muslims dress in holiday attire, attend a special community prayer in the morning, and visit friends and relatives. Greetings of "'Eid mubarak," or "a blessed 'Eid" are exchanged. In some places, children are given gifts or money by their parents and relatives.

Muslim family awakes early in the morning and after offering prayers, they eat in small quantity which symbolises the end of Ramadan. They then attend special congregational prayers held only for this occasion in mosques. The prayer is generally short, and is followed by a sermon . Worshippers greet and embrace each other in a spirit of peace and love after the congregational prayer. After the special prayers, festivities and merriment are commonly observed with visits to the homes of relatives and friends to thank God for all blessings.

The celebration of 'Eid-ul-Fitr lasts three days, although the main festivities occur on the first day.The celebration of the festival of Eid Fitr is itself a model of an egalitarian Islamic society.              

The celbrations last for three days and gifts are exchanges between friends and family members. Special foods are prepared and friends or relatives are invited to share the feast during Eid al-Fitr.

Eid al-Fitr is a joyous occasion but its underlying purpose is to praise God and give thanks to him, according to Islamic belief.

Useful links:

* Eid Ul Fitr Celebrations

* Celebrate Eid ul-Fitr with Food from Around the Muslim World

* How 5 countries celebrate Eid ul fitre?

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Comments (10)

You did an excellent job . . . .

I love the knowledge of every religion in the world and I admit for the educational benefits of your articles both philosophically and spiritually.

Advance Eid Mubarak!

Thanks Rama for your wish. It is really a joyful day for us.

Great hard work on this article!

Excellent Article!

Eid Mubarak.

Interesting information and well done.

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